Skip to content

15 Ways to Dramatically Lower Your Risk of Catching Coronavirus

It's a scary time. But these essential tips will keep you safe.
Hand press a button of elevator inside the building

You feel a tiny tickle in your throat. Your spouse lets out a small cough on the couch next to you. You get a little chill after a walk outside. Is it coronavirus? Life has changed with the spread of COVID-19, and it's easy to get paranoid about catching it. But following expert guidelines and healthy protocols can keep you safe throughout this scary situation. Here are 15 ways you can avoid contracting coronavirus.


Keep Yourself Busy

woman records a music blog with guitar

Being stuck at home on a stay-at-home or shelter-in-place order can get boring fast. If you've already watched all the shows on Netflix and reorganized your Tupperware, it's time to take up a new hobby and keep yourself occupied. 

Coronavirus is transmitted by human contact, which is the reason behind all these regulations to stay home. Keeping yourself busy means you're more likely to stay put, avoiding people who are potentially infected. Try putting together puzzles, playing board games with your family, playing an instrument, learning a new language, or reading a book.


Wash Your Hands

man washing in bathroom

As soon as the COVID-19 outbreak began, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended frequent hand washing to prevent contracting the virus. Coronavirus is spread through droplets from the sneezes or coughs of infected people. It can get on your hands when you touch items with these droplets. If you put your hands in your mouth or around your face, you can then become infected.

Keeping your hands clean is crucial to avoiding the infection. To properly wash your hands, use running water, soap, and a dry towel. Wet your hands, lather them with soap for at least 20 seconds (covering your nails, fingertips, and palms), then thoroughly rinse the soap off. Dry them with a clean towel. The CDC recommends washing your hands after you've been in public, before and after eating, and after using the bathroom.


Don't Visit Your Friends

Woman greeting couple for having a new house. Smiling young woman with wine bottle congratulating her friend

If you're feeling fine and your friends seem healthy, you may think you're safe going to their house for a quick chat, dinner, or a drink. But stay-at-home and shelter-in-place orders prohibit you from leaving your home for non-essential trips, which includes visiting your friends.

Even if your friends feel well, they may be asymptomatic carriers of COVID-19, which is more common than originally believed. A recent study published in Eurosurveillance analyzed cases aboard the Diamond Princess cruise ship; researchers found that, "Of the 634 confirmed cases, a total of 306 and 328 were reported to be symptomatic and asymptomatic, respectively." To prevent coronavirus infection, it's best to skip that visit to your friend's place for now.


Don't Touch Your Face

a gentleman with a beard scratching his eyes with glasses

Another one of the CDC's original rules for preventing COVID-19 infection is to keep your hands away from your face. Because the virus is transmitted through droplets that may be on items you touch, your fingertips may be contaminated. If you rub your nose or wipe your eyes, you're putting these tiny contaminated droplets even closer to your mucous membranes. Once they come into contact, you're likely to get infected. 

It's a tough habit to break. If you feel yourself wanting to touch your face, only do it when you're safely at home and after you've thoroughly washed your hands.


Stay Away From Public Transportation

woman with protective mask on her face commuting by bus during virus epidemic.

We all need to perform essential errands, such as grocery shopping or stopping by the pharmacy to pick up a prescription. If you can complete these errands without using public transportation, you're in better shape. 

The virus is spread through droplets released when an infected person coughs, sneezes, talks, or laughs. You're more likely to be exposed to these droplets when you're in close proximity to a crowd, like on a subway platform, in a train car, or on a bus. Try walking, riding your bike, or driving your own car to run errands. If that's not possible, consider having groceries delivered or prescriptions shipped.


Obey the Taped Lines on Supermarket Floors

social distancing for Coronavirus covid-19 in tesco supermarket

The CDC is asking the general public to abide by social distancing guidelines to stop the spread of COVID-19. That means you should stay at least six feet away from other people. 

Grocery stores and other essential businesses make it easy for you to determine if you're far enough away from other customers with taped lines or other markings on their floors. Pay attention to the lines and only move forward when the next one is available. This ensures you're following the social distancing rule.


Quit Biting Your Nails

Young nervous woman looking at smartphone and biting her fingernails at home.

It's a stressful time, and subconscious habits like biting your nails are hard to break right now. But biting your nails is actually a dangerous habit, as it can cause you to become infected with the virus. If you've touched surfaces that had infected droplets, or you got droplets on your fingers from an infected person you passed by, biting your nails spreads these droplets to your mouth and face. If you really can't kick the habit, make sure your fingers only go to your mouth after you've thoroughly washed your hands.


Clean and Disinfect Your House

couple is cleaning kitchen. Girl is smiling

If you have a lot more free time now that you're stuck at home, you probably feel like your house is cleaner than it's ever been. But it's important to not mistake cleanliness for sanitization. Your house being free of clutter and dust is one thing. But surfaces that are frequently touched should be disinfected, such as toilet and faucet handles, kitchen counters, doorknobs, light switches, and desks. To thoroughly disinfect and sanitize surfaces, the CDC recommends using a household disinfectant or diluted bleach. 


Don't Book Your Vacation

Woman using laptop to book hotel online

If you're trying not to get infected with coronavirus, it's not the best time to reserve that trip to the Bahamas or finally go explore Barcelona. The CDC has labeled every country as having "widespread ongoing transmission." If you book a vacation, you'll expose yourself to crowds in the airport, come in close contact with other people in the airplane, and be forced to use public transportation at your destination. You'll also need to stay in a hotel and shop for provisions, exposing yourself further to other people who are potentially infected. It's best to hold off on booking that vacation until the virus stops spreading so quickly and aggressively. 


Don't Touch Things in Public

woman outdoor wearing medical face mask, social distancing, sitting on a bench, isolated from other people

It may feel strange, but one of the best ways to prevent coronavirus is not to touch items when you're in public. If you're walking through a park, refrain from sitting on the park bench and touching the armrests. Only touch products in the grocery store if it's necessary. If you're out and about, wait to use the bathroom until you get home if possible. The fewer things you touch in public, the less likely your fingertips will brush a surface with germs.


Avoid Group Activities

Summer afternoon co-ed softball game at the park

By now, you probably miss your volleyball league or you're fiending to have a beer with your co-ed softball team. As much as you'd love to meet your teammates for a quick pick-up game at the park, it's best to refrain if you want to avoid infection. Gathering with a group of people in close proximity increases your chances of contracting the virus. 

According to the CDC, "Based on what is currently known about the virus, spread from person-to-person happens most frequently among close contacts (within 6 feet)." A game of volleyball or softball puts you in close contact with people and goes against social distancing regulations, putting you and your teammates at risk.


Limit Your Errands

Senior woman with face mask outdoors with shopping, corona virus and quarantine concept.

The more time you spend in public, the more you're increasing your chances for encountering a person with COVID-19, potentially leading to your own exposure to the virus. While it probably feels great to be out of the house, try to limit your errand running. Stock up on supplies in one trip to one store as best you can. If you only need a few items, consider having them delivered so you don't risk exposing yourself to other people.


Change Your Jogging or Biking Route

Virus. A woman with a bicycle and a protective medical mask is standing in the park.

Outdoor recreation is one of the only activities that isn't prohibited right now. Although it's allowed, it's still important to follow social distancing guidelines to prevent contracting COVID-19. You may notice your local bike path or jogging trail is now crowded with people, making it hard to maintain the six-feet-away regulations. 

If your path is crowded, you may need to switch up your route and bike or run through your neighborhood streets, where it's easier to stay away from others. Changing your route and keeping your outdoor recreation more isolated will keep you safer.


Stay on Guard in Public

Two women in a medical mask enter a modern grocery market, a store. Coronavirus protection, quarantine, self-isolation.

When you get to the grocery store to do your essential shopping, it's easy to fall into old habits. You browse the ingredients on a can of spaghetti sauce, move another shopper's cart out of the way, or strike up a conversation with the deli assistant. But these actions can make your shopping trip dangerous. 

Stay on guard any time you're in public and observe social distancing rules. Try not to touch items needlessly and always keep your hands away from your face. By keeping your guard up and staying aware of your surroundings, you can keep yourself away from people and reduce your risk of coronavirus infection.


Stay Well-Informed

A man browsing the CDC website to learn key facts about the Coronavirus Disease 2019

Obsessing over the latest coronavirus statistics isn't good for your mental health. However, the situation with COVID-19 is fluid, so it's important to stay well-informed on the latest CDC guidelines. Get your news from a trustworthy and reliable source so you can learn about the latest recommendations. 

Stay abreast on local guidelines, such as stay-at-home orders or the closing of non-essential businesses. If you're well-informed, you'll do your part to remain healthy and stop the spread of the virus.

And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these Things You Should Never Do During the Coronavirus Pandemic.

Kelly Hernandez
Kelly Hernandez is a health and wellness writer and certified personal trainer. Read more