Signs Someone May Have Asperger's
The developmental disorder known as Asperger syndrome is no longer an official diagnosis on its own; it's now part of a category called autism spectrum disorder. It's sometimes called "high-functioning autism," according to the Cleveland Clinic. (Elon Musk said he has it.) Asperger's has a number of distinctive symptoms. Here's what they are, and how they can be treated, according to experts. Read on to find out more—and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had COVID.
Having A Narrow Range Of Interests
"The most distinguishing symptom of AS is a child's obsessive interest in a single object or topic to the exclusion of any other," says the National Institutes of Health. "Children with AS want to know everything about their topic of interest and their conversations with others will be about little else."
Difficulty With Social Skills
People with Asperger syndrome may difficulty in social situations. "Individuals with Asperger's Disorder usually want to fit in and have interaction with others, but often they don't know how to do it," says the Autism Society. "They may be socially awkward, not understand conventional social rules or show a lack of empathy."
People with Asperger's tend to be isolated because of poor social skills and narrow interests, says the NIH. "They may approach other people, but make normal conversation impossible by inappropriate or eccentric behavior, or by wanting only to talk about their singular interest."
Body Language Seeming "Off"
"People with Asperger syndrome may seem like their body language may be off," says Mount Sinai. "They may speak in a monotone voice; they may not respond to other people's comments or emotions. They may not understand humor or a figure of speech. They may have problems with eye contact, facial expressions, or body language."
Repetitive Behavior or Rigid Thinking
Some people with Asperger syndrome tend to place a lot of importance on routine and may engage in repetitive behavior and extremely rigid thinking. A desire for certainty is common, and people with AS may experience anxiety and fear about uncertainty that can manifest as anger.
Normal or Above-Average Intelligence
"While some individuals with autism have intellectual disabilities, by definition, a person with Asperger's Disorder cannot have a 'clinically significant' cognitive delay, and most possess average to above-average intelligence," says the Autism Society.
If you suspect a loved one is exhibiting symptoms of Asperger syndrome, see your doctor. Although Asperger's symptoms can't be cured, often they can be effectively managed with therapy—including speech therapy and social-skills therapy—and medication.
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