Skip to content

Surprising Side Effects of Drinking Espresso, According to Dietitians

This little wake-me-up beverage serves up quite a few surprises.

There's no shortage of science about the benefits of drinking coffee, and specifically "Italian-style" coffee, aka espresso. In fact, a study published in The Journal of Nutrition looks at the relationship between 20,487 people and their daily intake of espresso. None of the participants had cardiovascular disease or cancer at the beginning of the experiment and each drank around 30 milliliters or more of espresso—which is about the size of one shot—every day for over eight years.

For espresso lovers this is great news, but one thing that's important to remember, says Lisa R. Young, PhD, RDN, is not to go overboard. While the occasional espresso has plenty of upsides, there are some negative side effects of drinking too much espresso. "It's very easy to drink too much espresso, especially since they are such tiny cups," Young says. "It's easy to get another…and another…"

RELATED: Eating Habits to Lose Abdominal Fat As You Age, Say Dietitians

1

It could disrupt your sleep

bad sleep
Shutterstock

Too much caffeine, which espresso is full of (unless you drink decaf, but who does that?), can keep you up later than you'd like or contribute to restless sleep. Young recommends slowing down early, telling us; "Everyone is different, but I recommend cutting off caffeine by noon. Some people can go till early afternoon."

2

It can make you anxious

coffee anxiety
Shutterstock

Another side effect of caffeine releasing your body's adrenaline is anxiety. Caffeine increases your alertness by blocking the effects of adenosine, a brain chemical that makes you feel tired. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association, recognizes caffeine-induced anxiety disorder as a condition in which caffeine interferes with daily functioning.

3

It can increase your heart rate

Checking Her Heart Rate

This one is pretty scary! Too much caffeine may cause your heart to beat faster, or even alter your heartbeat rhythm. This is called atrial fibrillation, which has been reported in young people who consumed energy drinks containing extremely high doses of caffeine.

4

You better be near a bathroom

bathroom
Shutterstock

Espresso can make you feel dehydrated as caffeinated drinks have a mild diuretic effect — meaning that they may cause the need to urinate frequently. Diuretics are substances that cause your body to make more urine than usual, which isn't necessarily harmful, but worth being mindful of before a long car ride.

5

It can cause digestion problems

digestive problems coffee
Shutterstock

Espresso (and coffee) have a well-known laxative effect that has been attributed to the release of gastrin, a hormone the stomach produces that speeds up activity in the colon. However, if you overdo your daily drink, it may lead to loose stools or even diarrhea in some people.

6

It can fuel your workout

coffee workout
Shutterstock

If you need a kick in the pants before exercising, espresso is the easiest way to get that boost. A quick shot, which on average contains about 75 milligrams of caffeine, about 30 minutes before your workout will help give you energy without making you feel too full.

7

It can be a memory booster

good memory
Shutterstock

A University of California study found that drinking two espressos enhanced memory consolidation. This then improved long-term memory in the subjects. However, there's no need to drink more than that, as the study did not find improvements for those who drank more than two cups.

8

Don't overdo it

Tired woman working at her desk drinking too much coffee
Shutterstock

The way to avoid these drawbacks to espresso is pretty simple. You can have too much of a good thing, says Young. "Many people who are healthy can drink up to 400 milligrams of caffeine a day. That's around four cups of brewed coffee or 5-6 espressos," she explains.

RELATEDWhat Happens To Your Body When You Drink Espresso

Tanya Edwards
Tanya Edwards is a seasoned food and health journalist, who has held roles at Yahoo Health as Managing Editor and at Food Network as Programming Director. Read more
Filed Under