As the global rollout of the COVID-19 vaccine slowly trudges along, millions are waiting for their turn to receive the immunization. Until then, there are still several things you can and should be doing every day to keep yourself safe.
Besides continuing to practice social distancing and mask-wearing, consider also adding dark chocolate or green tea to your diet. The two were just found to have potentially protective properties against coronavirus. (Related: The One Vitamin Doctors Are Urging Everyone to Take Right Now.)
De-Yu Xie, a professor of plant and microbial biology, and Yue Zhu, a Ph.D. student in Xie's lab at North Carolina State University, have found that the chemical compounds in certain foods and beverages may prevent a particular enzyme found in the new coronavirus from carrying out its function.
According to their study published in the journal Frontiers, dark chocolate, green tea, and muscadine grapes (a breed that's native to the south) all contain chemical compounds that can bind to and effectively block the function of the protease in SARS-CoV-2, the virus which causes COVID-19. If the protease enzyme is inhibited, the virus can't replicate. The protease inhibitors prevent the virus from forming mature particles.
"One of our lab's focuses is to find nutraceuticals in food or medicinal plants that inhibit either how a virus attaches to human cells or the propagation of a virus in human cells," Xie said in a statement.
What did the authors look at, exactly?
The researchers observed how the main protease (Mpro) in the SARS-CoV-2 virus reacted once it came into contact with different plant chemical compounds, in particular ones which exhibit both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
Computer simulations showed that specific chemical compounds from cacao powder, dark chocolate, green tea, and two variety of muscadine grapes were able to bind to different portions of Mpro.
"Mpro has a portion that is like a 'pocket' that was 'filled' by the chemical compounds," Xie said. "When this pocket was filled, the protease lost its important function."
Lab experiments yielded similar results—chemical compounds in the green tea and the muscadine grapes completely inhibited Mpro's function. The compounds found in dark chocolate and cacao powder, on the other hand, reduced activity by about half.
"Green tea has five tested chemical compounds that bind to different sites in the pocket on Mpro, essentially overwhelming it to inhibit its function," Xie said. "Muscadine grapes contain these inhibitory chemicals in their skins and seeds. Plants use these compounds to protect themselves, so it is not surprising that plant leaves and skins contain these beneficial compounds."
This isn't to say that these foods and beverages will protect you from COVID-19, but these findings may be a catalyst for bigger discoveries to come.
For more, be sure to check out Drinking This Beverage May Make You Smarter, Study Finds, and don't forget to sign up for our newsletter to get the latest restaurant news delivered straight to your inbox.