Skip to content

10 Biggest Restaurant Chain Bankruptcies of 2020

Even these huge companies and household names had a tough time surviving the pandemic.
california pizza kitchen storefront

The coronavirus pandemic has wreaked havoc on businesses of all types, but few establishments have suffered more than restaurants. In the early days of the COVID-19 lockdowns, most restaurants were forced to stop operating—and even when restrictions eased, most dining establishments saw far fewer patrons than ever before.

Tens of thousands of small businesses have closed permanently during the pandemic, with restaurants representing a majority of them. In fact, nearly 110,000 restaurants in America shut down for good due to COVID-19. While generally more resilient to the ravages of 2020, many major restaurant chains were also hit hard.

Here is a list of 10 major restaurant chains that filed for bankruptcy in 2020. Hopefully, something can be done to pull some of these out of their financial struggle. Others have, unfortunately, already been added to our list of the saddest restaurant closures in every state.

1

Souplantation

souplantation storefront
Shutterstock

Founded in the late 1970s and at one point numbering nearly 100 locations under both the names Souplantation and Sweet Tomatoes, this all-you-can-eat style buffet restaurant did not survive the COVID-19 pandemic. In March of 2020, the chain initially shuttered its locations on a temporary basis, but within less than two months, announced that the closure would be permanent.

2

Friendly's

Friendlys restaurant
Helen89/Shutterstock

A beloved diner and ice cream shop with an 85-year history, Friendly's filed for bankruptcy in the late fall of 2020. The company announced that they would be able to keep most of their 130 locations open while under Chapter 11 protection and predicted minimal layoffs. It's the second time in 10 years that Friendly's has filed for bankruptcy.

3

Ruby Tuesday

ruby tuesday
Shutterstock

After holding on for months, Ruby Tuesday filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in early October of 2020. Some 185 locations were closed permanently, while another 230-plus restaurants remain in operation while the parent company looks to consolidate debt and likely be sold off.

4

Sizzler

sizzler
Shutterstock

Directly citing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its profits, budget steakhouse Sizzler, which has been around for over 6 decades, filed for bankruptcy in September of 2020 (despite several millions of dollars in federal loans paid out earlier in the year). The company said in a statement they did not intend to permanently close any locations.

5

Chuck E. Cheese

Chuck E. Cheese's store

Chuck E. Cheese was already carrying a debt load of more than a billion when the pandemic forced the shuttering of all of its locations nationwide. By late August, the parent company CC Entertainment filed for bankruptcy, and, now, the future of the 43-year-old company is unclear.

6

California Pizza Kitchen

california pizza kitchen storefront
Shutterstock

In mid-summer 2020, CPK entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy. During the next few months, the company managed to restructure and eliminate nearly a quarter of a billion in debt and by the late fall, California Pizza Kitchen emerged from bankruptcy.

7

Le Pain Quotidien

le pain quotidien exterior
Shutterstock

An early victim of the effects of COVID-19, bakery, sandwich, and pastry chain Le Pain Quotidien filed for bankruptcy in May of 2020. This was not a great surprise, however. Once numbering 300-plus locations, the chain was already down to fewer than 100 spots left. Several dozen restaurants were re-opened following a sale to a new parent company.

8

Wendy's and Pizza Hut operator, NPC International

pizza hut drive-thru
Shutterstock

Once the successful operator of more than 1,600 restaurant franchises including Wendy's and Pizza Hut, NPC International filed for bankruptcy in July. They had already been losing money before the pandemic, but its advent accelerated the folding.

9

By CHLOE

The best dishes and drinks at by chloe
Courtesy of by Chloe

Vegan fast-casual restaurant By CHLOE opened its first location in New York City in 2015, and within a few years, had multiple locations in the U.S, plus five in London and one in Canada. Unfortunately, in December 2020, citing the pandemic, the company filed for bankruptcy.

10

IHOP operator, CFRA Holdings

IHOP storefront
Shutterstock

CFRA Holdings managed nearly 50 IHOP locations spread across multiple southern states, but most of those restaurants saw a double-digit drop in profits during the pandemic, prompting the company to file for bankruptcy in May. IHOP's parent company, Dine Brands Global, committed to re-opening the shuttered locations.

For more restaurant news, here are the beloved restaurant chain dishes that are gone forever.

Steven John
Steven John is a freelancer writer for Eat This, Not That! based just outside New York City. Read more