101 Unhealthiest Fast Foods on the Planet
As an avid reader of Eat This, Not That!, you likely order one of the healthiest fast food options on the menu. However, if you're not paying close attention to the nutrition facts and order based on name alone, sometimes opting for the most wholesome-sounding sandwich can leave you noshing on a nutritional nightmare. (Just take a look at #55!)
To help you make the right decision at the drive-thru, we've compiled the 100 unhealthiest fast foods on the planet—so you know exactly which picks to avoid when you're looking to refuel on the run.
The most unhealthy fast food orders are either the highest-calorie, highest-fat, highest-sugar, or highest-sodium options on their joint's menu; and some meals even win the crown of all three!
Burger King's Ultimate Breakfast Platter
The absolute worst breakfast at BK comes with the whole shebang—scrambled eggs, hash browns, sausage, a biscuit and three pancakes topped with syrup. You'll find it listed dead-last on our list of every fast food breakfast item—ranked!
Taco Bell's XXL Grilled Stuft Beef Burrito
This extra-extra-large burrito comes stuffed with about an entire day's worth of heart-harming sodium and saturated fat.
KFC's Chicken Pot Pie
While a hearty pot pie comes packed with fiber-filled peas and carrots, Colonel Sanders' version comes laced with appetite-spiking MSG and triglycerides.
Arby's Roast Turkey Ranch & Bacon
Would would have thought that out of all the meats, fake cheese sauce, and fried foods, a humble turkey sandwich would end up the highest-calorie menu item at Arby's. It has nearly 200 more calories than the Buttermilk Fried Chicken Bacon & Swiss and four extra grams of fat.
White Castle Onion Chips
Whether they're cut into rings or rods, these deep-fried onion chips shouldn't be added to your drive-thru dinner.
Chipotle Carnitas Burrito
Served with White Rice, Black Beans, Fajita Veggies, Roasted Chili-Corn Salsa, Romaine, Sour Cream, Cheese, and Guac
Jam-packed with all your favorite fixings, this XL burrito definitely earns a place on our list of most unhealthy fast food because it's laced with a beltline-busting 3,050 milligrams of sodium—that's the same amount in 244 of Snyder's Mini Pretzels! If you've already eaten this and you're looking to de-bloat and feel slimmer, don't miss these ways to shrink your belly.
Subway Chicken and Bacon Ranch Melt
Sure, it's oozing with melted Monterey cheddar and topped with crispy bacon, but is this creamy footlong really worth its preposterous calorie count?
This scary sandwich doubles up on the beef, triples up on the cheese, and quadruples the bacon—but will it quintuple your risk of heart disease?
McDonald's Double Quarter Pounder With Cheese
Consider this super-sized burger the Big Mac's wicked twin: It's got a half-pound of beef, two times the amount of special sauce and two slices of cheese sandwiched between a bun.
Domino's Cali Chicken Bacon Ranch Hand Tossed 16-Inch
Even if you can stop yourself from reaching for another slice, one bacon-ranch triangle will cost you about half a day's worth of sodium and a half-gram of heart-health-harming trans fat, which the FDA considers to be not safe for consumption and has actually banned from being used in packaged foods.
Chick-fil-A Cobb Salad With Avocado Lime Ranch Dressing
We're noticing a trend here: It seems like the ranch-spiked picks are the worst fast foods on the planet, and this seemingly innocent salad is no exception!
Wendy's Dave's Triple
The American Heart Association recommends getting no more than one percent of your calories from trans fats—so if you're following a 2,000-calorie diet, this troubling burger has two days' worth of the heart harmer.
Sonic Asian Sweet Chili Boneless Wings
Catching up with old friends over beers and wings shouldn't cost your waistline these absurd nutritionals. Even if you're splitting this sweet and savory order with a pal, you'll be ingesting over a thousand calories and two days' worth of added sugar, which the USDA recommends to be capped at 50 grams per day.
Dairy Queen Chicken Strip Basket
When the chicken strip cravings hit, be sure you're avoiding this metabolism-wrecking basket and nosh on a 6-piece Chicken McNuggets order for just 270 calories instead.
Pizza Hut Meat Lover's 18-Inch Pan Pizza
Pepperoni, beef, ham, bacon, mozzarella, and two types of sausage grace this meaty pie. Pizza Hut's meat-centric pick may be a carnivore's dream, but it'll be your health's nightmare if consumed on the reg.
Jack in the Box Grande Sausage Breakfast Burrito
This is the only single item on Jack in the Box's menu with over a grand of calories and 20 grams of cholesterol-spiking saturated fat, Jack in the Box should banish this breakfast wrap.
Jimmy John's the J.J. Gargantuan
Piled high with salami, sliced smoked ham, capicola, roast beef, turkey, and provolone, Jimmy boasts that this sandwich is "huge enough to feed the hungriest of all humans!" We think that's still no excuse to down over a thousand calories in one sitting.
Five Guys Bacon Cheeseburger With Lettuce, Tomato, Pickles, Ketchup, and Mayo
Instead of inhaling a thousand-calorie lunch, go with the lighter Little Hamburger with BBQ sauce, grilled mushrooms, and grilled onions and salvage your hard-earned flat tummy.
Whataburger Chop House Cheddar Burger
Drive-thru-lovin' Texans should steer clear of this nutritional nightmare. It's loaded with saturated-fat-filled hydrogenated oils, inflammatory soybean oil, MSG, and sketchy preservatives.
Bojangles' Chicken Rice Bowl and Biscuit
Don't let the 15 grams of fiber and 54 grams of protein fool you: This jambalaya bowl is jam-packed with the same amount of saturated fat as over six large orders of McDonald's greasy fries.
Taco John's Potato Olés Scrambler With Regular Sausage
This morning meal is stuffed with healthful ingredients such as fluffy eggs, poblano peppers, onions, tomatoes, but is then tainted with two major sources of saturated fat: cheddar cheese and nacho cheese.
In-N-Out Double-Double Cheeseburger With Onion
If you find yourself on the west coast, go for In-N-Out's Hollywood-approved protein-style burger with onion, which features a freshly grilled patty sandwiched between lettuce leaves, and will cost you a slim 240 calories.
Cinnabon Caramel Pecanbon
If you're one of the victims of Cinnabon's crazy-good aroma, be sure to skip the cinnamon-infused, caramel- and pecan-topped bun when wafting in.
Einstein Bros. Chorizo Sunrise 2-Egg Signature
We love eggs for their high protein content and weight-loss-friendly nutrients, but even a genius would know that waking up to a nearly-thousand-calorie egg sandwich is a poor choice.
Shake Shack Double ShackBurger
The shack's cheeseburger comes with two patties of beef drowned in melted cheese and ShackSauce, rendering a nutritional nightmare that packs in nearly 900 calories.
Auntie Anne's Breakfast Sausage Stix
Starting your day with sausages wrapped in pretzel bread is never a smart idea, even when you're on the go. If you're short on time and need to refuel, grab one of these healthy fast food breakfasts under 360 calories.
Jamba Juice Chunky Strawberry Bowl
This hearty smoothie bowl is brimming with ingredients we love such as bananas, Greek yogurt, and peanut butter. The downside? It also has 58 grams of sugar—the same amount present in over 12 Oreo cookies!
Quiznos Classic Italian, 12-Inch
A classic Mediterranean diet has been shown to improve heart health and help you lose weight, but this sandwich is a total black sheep. It's stuffed with processed meats such as salami and pepperoni and further fattened with mozzarella.
Einstein Bros. Farmhouse 2-Egg Signature Sandwich
Wake up to this eggy sandwich and you'll consume just 200 milligrams shy of your full day's allotment of sodium before the 2 p.m. slump hits.
McDonald's Quarter Pounder With Cheese Bacon
The addition of bacon to this single-patty burger is all it takes to make it more caloric and more-fat laden than the oft-villainized Big Mac.
Burger King Bacon King Sandwich
When the sandwich's slogan is "There's no such thing as too much bacon," you know you're getting a wallop of heart-taxing saturated and trans fats.
McDonald's Big Breakfast With Hotcakes and Large Biscuit
Order this ginormous breakfast platter from McDonald's and you'll ingest nearly a day's worth of calories and sodium before lunchtime.
Taco Bell's Sausage Breakfast Crunchwrap
This early morning meal is the highest-calorie menu item on Taco bell's menu. Not a good start for your day.
Popeyes Catfish Po' Boy Sandwich
Skip the classic southern calorie bomb and go for the loaded chicken wrap to forgo the food coma and save your beltline 490 calories.
Dairy Queen ½-lb FlameThrower GrillBurger
The metabolism-spiking effects of the spicy jalapenos are no match for the sleep-inducing serving size of melted cheese, crispy bacon, and half-pound of beef in this burger.
Whataburger Mushroom Swiss Burger
Mushroom and Swiss cheese may sound like an innocent combination, but when you pile those two ingredients high over a mound of oil-slicked beef, you're looking at Whataburger's fattiest burger on the menu.
Raising Cane's Caniac Combo
What do you get when you combine six chicken fingers, crinkle-cut fries, two servings of Cane's sauce, Texas toast, and a side of coleslaw? Raising Cane's most-caloric menu item and some serious post-meal bloat.
Culver's Northwoods Walleye Dinner
Walleye is a high-protein source of omega-3s, but when it's battered in empty carbs and fried in inflammatory oils—and then paired with tartar sauce, fries, coleslaw, and a dinner roll—it renders a dish that's a complete dietary disaster.
Little Caesars Cinnamon Loaded Crazy Bites
Following up your hot-n-ready pizza with a whole order of these cinnamon-loaded crazy bites is a pretty crazy idea if you ask us. In fact, this sweet treat packs in as much sugar as two Starbucks' Grande Unicorn Frappuccinos made with whole milk and topped with whipped cream!
Moe's Southwest Grill Burrito
Served With Adobo Chicken, Black Beans, Cilantro Lime Rice, Corn Pico, Cheese, Guac, Queso, and Bacon
Moe's is infamous for offering free chips and salsa with every order; but If you're scarfing down a 1,200-calorie burrito, your best bet would be to skip the gratis sides.
Hardee's ⅔-lb Monster Thickburger
Hardee's dishes up a burger that's got about a day-and-a-half's worth of blood-pressure-raising salt, a whole day's worth of calories, and—get this—two days' worth of LDL-ballooning trans fat.
Starbucks Java Chip Frappuccino
Craving a creamy milkshake for breakfast? Forgo this caloric frapp that contains as much sugar as nearly 19 Oreo cookies.
Bojangles' Roasted Chicken Bites Salad
It may be one of the lowest-calorie options at Bojangles'—they even advertise it as an "Under 500 Calorie" meal, but conveniently leave out the salad dressing and croutons that are served with it—but that doesn't mean this menu item is healthy. Add on even healthier-sounding "Ken's Fat Free Italian Dressing" and you're looking at the saltiest order on the menu, sitting just above an entire day's worth of sodium. The dressing alone has 700 milligrams of the stuff.
Zaxby's Buffalo Chicken Finger Plate, 6-Piece
While the buffalo-sauce-slathered chicken fingers may be to blame for the majority of the calories in this dish, it's the insidious crinkle fries and coleslaw that accompany the protein that come in second and third place, boasting a walloping 142 calories and 98 calories, respectively.
Taco John's Super Nachos
Nachos are commonly ordered as a side dish, except this mountain of tortilla chips smothered in nacho cheese, beef, refried beans, cheddar cheese, tomatoes, black olives, guacamole, and sour cream sounds more like a full-blown cheat meal.
Church's Chicken COB Sandwich
No, Church's didn't misspell Cobb—this giant sandwich stands for "Chicken Of Breast" but comes jammed with 55 grams of fat rather than lean poultry breast.
Del Taco Epic Steak & Potato Burrito
Skip this monster roll-up and order the lighter Original Chicken Roller, which boasts just 250 calories, 9 grams of fat, and 14 grams of muscle-maintaining protein.
Dunkin' Donuts Coffee Cake Muffin
Coffee is a wonderful metabolism booster, especially when paired with a high-protein breakfast. Unfortunately, this java-flavored muffin won't help rev your fat-burning furnace or help you banish the muffin top.
Tim Hortons Italiano Grilled Bagel Sandwich
Order this bagel stuffed with processed meats and you'll ingest nearly a day's worth of sodium in one sitting.
Sbarro Meat Lasagna
Shopping sprees can really work up an appetite, but if you find yourself stuck in the midst of a massive mall food court, skip Sbarro's meaty lasagna.
Baskin Robbins Brownie Sundae
Instead of pairing a rich brownie with two scoops of ice cream, hot fudge, whipped cream, nuts, and a decorative cherry, opt for a 170-calorie Dark Chocolate Chunk Cookie from the creamery to satisfy your sweet tooth.
Wienerschnitzel Chicken Dippers
This hefty finger food will add over a thousand calories to your plate—before even pairing it with any accompanying sauces!
Au Bon Pain Black Angus Steak and Cheese Sandwich
A ciabatta roll is moistened with horseradish aioli and then piled high with beef, pickled red onions, roasted peppers, and three-cheese blend to create this caloric monstrosity.
Panera Bread Kitchen Sink Cookie
The kitchen sink cookie may be the ultimate chocolate-laced, caramel-swirled sweet-tooth-satisfier, but is it really worth two day's worth of saturated fat?
Quiznos Veggie Guacamole
Veggies and guacamole are some of our go-to sandwich stuffers thanks to their high healthy fat and fiber contents. However, this footlong is living proof that too much of a good thing can be pretty bad—especially when it means you'll be consuming the second-highest-calorie sub on the Quiznos menu.
Burger King Vanilla Shake Made With TWIX Pieces
With an insane 780 calories and 107 grams of sugar in this shake, you'll salvage your waistline by pouring a bowl of Toucan Sam's nostalgic cereal instead.
McDonald's McFlurry With M&M's
Who knew that the soft serve and chocolate candy combo would be available in a 16-ounce cup? If you're really craving something cold and sweet, opt for the snack size and save 510 calories, 18 grams of fat, and 70 grams of sugar.
Sonic's Peanut Butter & Cookie Dough Dream Master Blast
This shake is spun with vanilla ice cream, cookie dough chunks, chocolate chips, and peanut butter swirls, and—get this—has more fat than 5 McDonald's Big Macs and about 42 Oreos' worth of sugar!
Popeyes Cajun Fries
This seasoned side racks up as many calories as a guilt-ridden cheat meal. Skip the cajun fries and pair your popcorn shrimp with a light side, like the green beans or coleslaw.
Jack in the Box Oreo Cookie With Whipped Topping Shake
This super-sized sip is jam-packed with 10-and-a-half times the sugar as Krispy Kreme's Original Glazed Doughnut. That scary comparison should be enough to deter you from pairing your burger with this shake.
Cinnabon Signature Cinnamon Roll Chillatta
This shake is essentially a cinnamon bun pulverized into sweet, sippable calories. In other words, salvage your hard-earned beach bod by skipping this sip.
Zaxby's Buffalo Traditional Wings & Things
Coming in hard with two sources of refined carbs—crinkle fries and Texas toast—and two types of fat-packed sauces, there's no reason you shouldn't avoid the things and wings on this jam-packed plate.
Del Taco Queso Loaded Nachos, Beef
Skip these super-loaded nachos at Del Taco and opt for their Grilled Chicken Taco, which comes packed with 12 grams of protein for just 210 calories.
Dunkin' Donuts Sausage, Egg & Cheese Sandwich
Rather than starting your a.m. by stopping by DD and picking up this sausage, egg, and cheese breakfast as is, opt for swapping the buttery croissant for an English muffin to save 150 calories and 17 grams of fat.
Baskin Robbins Banana Split
Baskin Robbins piles a boatload of ice cream and your favorite toppings in addition to almonds, whipped cream, and maraschino cherries over two banana slices. If you're not sharing this traditional treat with at least four friends, skip it altogether.
Au Bon Pain Pecan Roll
Pecans are a nutritional powerhouse thanks to their potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and slimming oleic acid. However, the subtly sweet nuts don't have the means to work their magic when they're adulterated with over 48 grams of sugar.
Smashburger Chocolate Oreo Shake With Malt
As if the 950-calorie cookie concoction didn't have an absurd nutrition panel to begin with, Smashburger allows thirsty guests to add malt to their shakes—a waist-widening add-on that endows the cup with an extra 30 calories and 3 grams of sugar.
Auntie Anne's Jumbo Jalapeño Cheese Pretzel Dog
While good, unsaturated fats are necessary for keeping your skin lush and locks long, the fats in this salty pretzel are quite detrimental to your health.
Wienerschnitzel Chocolate Covered Strawberry Freezee
Chocolate-covered strawberries make for a wonderful antioxidant-packed snack. Except this scary shake taints the classic combo with a preposterous amount of belly-ballooning calories, fat, and sugar.
Sbarro Chicken Parmigiana With Baked Ziti
Chicken parm isn't the optimal lunch choice when you're trying to get lean for swimsuit season. However, this 1,280-calorie bad boy from Sbarro is an absolute no-go during any time of year.
Starbucks Chicken & Double-Smoked Bacon Sandwich
With slow-cooked herbed chicken and double-smoked bacon piled on an apple brioche slathered with maple mustard, we can't blame you for wanting to bite into this finger-licking delicious 'wich. If you're tempted to order this with your latte, split it with a friend.
Panera Bread Mac and Cheese in Bread Bowl
As if all the refined carbs in the macaroni weren't enough to deem this dish a waistline foe, Panera had to nestle the cheesy noodles in a giant edible bowl made out of bread. If you're looking to eat healthy at Panera, you won't want to miss our report: Panera's menu—ranked!
Shake Shack Chocolate Cookies and Cream Shake
If you wouldn't throw 17 Oreos into the blender, why would you sip on this hefty milkshake that packs in the sugar equivalent?
Truffle Mushroom Swiss Crispy Smashchicken
Mushrooms are a wonderful low-cal weight loss tool thanks to their slimming fiber and phytonutrients. Unfortunately, this fungi loses all of its waist-trimming capabilities when coupled with the caloric counterparts—buttered bun, truffle mayo, and breaded chicken—in this monster sandwich.
Cold Stone Creamery Milk and Oreo Cookies Shake
The classic milk and cookies combo gets an extra caloric helping thanks to a heaping dose of sweet cream ice cream. Cold Stone's 20-ounce franken-shake delivers over five days' worth of sugar!
Bruegger's Bagels Turkey Chipotle Club Bagel Sandwich
At first glance, a bagel meshed with ingredients such as roasted turkey, arugula, and tomatoes doesn't sound like it's deserving of a spot on our worst fast foods list. However, the sandwich is so stacked that it manages to supply a full day's worth of sodium.
Papa Murphy's 5-Meat Stuffed Pizza
Unless you're sharing with a large, ravenous crowd, odds you'll indulge in only one slice of pizza are very low. That being said, a mere slice of Papa Murphy's meaty pie packs in almost 500 calories and an absurd amount of fat and sodium thanks to the double layer of crust stuffed with red sauce, whole-milk mozzarella, two types of bacon, pepperoni, sausage, crispy bacon, ground beef, and cheddar. Now that's a (literal and figurative) mouthful.
Blimpie Blimp Large Sandwich
The Blimp sub at Subway's competitor is a giant mashup of turkey, roast beef, prosciuttini, salami, pepperoni, provolone, sweet peppers, lettuce, tomatoes, pickles, onion, mayo, vinegar, oil, and oregano. While we're all for many of the fresh ingredients this sub features, the meats are way too saturated in sodium for this meal to be considered remotely acceptable.
Hungry Howies Buffalo Chicken Ranch Deep Dish Pizza
This 11th largest pizza joint in the U.S. crafts its popular pie with buffalo sauce, grilled chicken breast, red onions, cheddar, and mozzarella—a combo that amounts to an insane 440 calories per slice. How famished must one be to throw caution to the wind and order Hungry Howie's outrageous pie?
Caribou Coffee Frozen White Hot Chocolate
Caribou Coffee outdid itself with this frozen chocolate shake that features almost a full day's worth of calories. And if you ask us, no sip is worth 31 grams of artery-clogging saturated fat and 101 grams of diabetes-triggering sugar.
Papa Murphy's Classic Cheesy Bread
Cheesy bread sounds like it would be a pre-meal app, but with 1,760 calories, this loaf seems more like an atrocious dietary disaster. With over 250 grams of carbs, we're giving this pick a hard pass.
Krispy Kreme Apple Fritter
Everyone can use a sweet little pick-me-up from time to time, but there are way better choices than Krispy Kreme's apple fritter. While the glazed treat is baked with real apples and cinnamon, that's still no excuse to consume a day's worth of added sugars in one sitting.
Captain D's Family Seafood Feast
The farther you glaze down the nutritional panel of this seafood feast, the more frightening it gets. Almost 4,000 calories, this mix of batter-dipped fish, twelve crispy butterfly shrimp, three seafood-stuffed crab shells, and twelve hush puppies packs in an astonishing 16 grams of trans fat and over three days' worth of heart-taxing sodium.
Dickie's Barbecue Jalapeno Cheddar Kielbasa
As if the blend of oily meats didn't contribute to the insane fat and sodium contents, Dickie's had to string in cheddar cheese.
Captain D's 15-Piece Butterfly Shrimp
If you're opting for fried shrimp with hushpuppies and two sides, the last thing you should do is order 15 pieces of the crustacean!
Jersey Mike's #44 Buffalo Chicken Cheesesteak
A cheesesteak is never a sound option, but drenching it with blue cheese just bumps up the already sky-high fat content.
El Pollo Loco Chips & Guac Individual Starter
Whether it's free or off the menu, starting your meal with a salty and carby side is never a smart choice. This Mexican-inspired app just happens to pack in more calories than you'd like in an entire meal.
Jason's Deli Chicken Alfredo
Made with heavy cream and a generous helping of cheese, we're not surprised this dish contains more fat than seven servings of cheddar cheese.
Jersey Mike's #56 Big Kahuna Cheese Steak
No true kahuna would choose a 790-calorie 'wich for lunch. The sub is stuffed with grilled onions, peppers, mushrooms, jalapeños, and an extra helping of melted white American cheese.
Pei Wei Pad Thai with Vegetables and Tofu
Sure, veggies and protein-packed tofu make for a filling lunch—but no one should ever choose to consume almost 1,700 calories in one sitting. This Thai-inspired bowl packs in a bloat-inducing amount of sodium and sugar to top it off.
Round Table Pizza Turkey Santa Fe Sandwich
Opt for this dietary disaster and you'll consume more salt than in almost five large packs of Mickey D's fries.
Tropical Smoothie Cafe Chia Banana Max
If you're looking to refuel on the fly, this protein shake will just undo all your hard work at the gym.
Jason's Deli Plain Jane Potato
Jason's Deli's baked potato meal is nothing but plain. Clocking in at 1,610 calories, this baked potato is loaded with cheddar, sour cream, butter, bacon, and green onions for a truly frightening feast.
Dickie's Barbecue Texas Frito's Pie Stack
What happens when crunchy corn chips meet chopped beef brisket and melty cheddar cheese? You get a ginormous meal that packs in more salt than over six packs of McDonald's large fries.
Blimpie Large BLT
If you're craving a BLT, opt for making your own at home with low-sodium turkey bacon, quality mayo, tomatoes, and sprouted bread.
Pei Wei Japanese Steak & Shrimp Chile Ramen
This spicy seafood dish sounds like a protein-packed choice, as it is. But the high content of the muscle-building macro doesn't do the 99 grams of sugar justice!
Hungry Howie's Chicken Parmesan Pasta
Chicken parm on a plate sounds like a lighter option than ordering it on your go-to roll—but definitely not in this case. The cheese-smothered poultry lays on a bed of white spaghetti, skyrocketing this dish's carb count to a blood-sugar-spiking 516 grams.
Caribou Coffee Cookies & Cream Coffeeless Coolers
Over a thousand calories? Check. Over a day's worth of saturated fat? You got it. And about three days' worth of added sugar? Yup. This cookie-filled cooler is no way to start the day.
Bruegger's Bagels Classic Wrap With Bacon
Don't be fooled by the thin tortilla—this lunch option is no waistline-slimming pick. Go for the Skinny Zesty Egg White, which features egg whites, turkey sausage, Swiss cheese, and sun-dried tomato spread on a skinny everything bagel.
Quiznos Ultimate Turkey Club
In addition to piling on the sliced turkey, Quiznos adds a few slices of bacon, cheddar, and a dollop of fatty mayo to the mix. If you're in the mood for a lunch that doesn't require utensils, go for the good-for-you options in our exclusive report, the best and worst fast food burgers.
Arby's Half-pound French Dip
The fact that you can still place an order at a fast food restaurant and meet your daily recommended limit of heart-disease-promoting trans fat shocks us. Even as much as the highest-sodium order at Arby's, with more sodium than 7.5 one-ounce bags of Rold Gold Pretzels. If you're watching your sodium intake, don't be afraid to eat out at restaurants. There are still many low-sodium fast food orders.